human rights

Dantewada Massacre by Naxalites

S.O.S – eVoice For Justice – e-news weekly
Spreading the light of humanity & freedom

Editor: Nagaraj.M.R.. vol.6.issue.17…24/04/10

Editorial : DANTEWADA MASSACRE BY NAXALITES
We at e-voice express our deep condolences to the FAMILIES of slain CRPF jawans at dantewada , who were massacred by naxalites. We salute the brave soldiers who laid down their lives while upholding law & order and hereby demand the legal prosecution of the perpetrators.

We at e-voice salute our jawans & police for teaching the external enemies a befitting lesson and protecting our motherland from the external & internal enemies. We pay our whole hearted respects to the martyrs , who laid down their lives , in the course of protecting our people & country from the clutches of terrorists / naxalites .

India equally faces greater threat from internal enemies – corrupt public servants (who are deadlier than pak terrorists). These corrupt public servants sell everything , motherland , for money , for bribe.

Mumbai terrorists killed 200 people , where as a fake drugs manufacturer kills thousands of people by selling fake drugs / fake medicines. Drugs control department officials lets off many such such fake drugs manufacturers , in turn killing thousands of innocents. The number of end victims are huge than any terrorist attacks. This is just one instance , in this way corrupt public servants of various departments compromise with their official duties & murder scores of innocents.

The corrupt public servants network , is oiled far better than italy’s mafia. Common man doesn’t get justice , even if he complains to higher officials , vigilance authorities or even court of law. As the bribe booty reaches higher-ups & political bosses.. thus black money is created.

The huge profits earned / black money created by criminal industrialists / entrepreneurs , finds it’s way to money laundering heavens. Thus our economy is crippled , public exchequer deprived of it’s dues. The money thus laundered feeds terrorist outfits , underworld dons , in their criminal deeds.

Now , underworld / terrorist outfits are involved in huge real estate business , film production / distribution , film piracy business , etc , to reap more illegal profits out of illegal money. This shakes upside down our government’s fiscal policies.

If a corrupt public servant is apprehended , it is equal to depriving 100 terrorists out of funds , putting 100 criminals out of action. Will the common man raise to give a befitting lesson to corrupt public servants.

Whenever we face crimes by naxalites & terrorists , government only looks at one face of the case. The other face of the crime is the atrocities of government itself. The public servants are corrupt , they are snatching lands , livelihood from tribals , driving them away & gifting those very lands to industrialists , miners , etc without any rehabilitation for the tribals. Government has failed to provide basic health care , education to people . it has even failed to provide food to tribals & tribals are dying due to hunger. All the much hyped government programmes like “Food for Work” & “National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme” have derailed at the hands of corrupt public servants. The local Police together with land lords , industrialists , miners are torturing these local tribals. For these tribals there is no food , no health care , no education , no justice but only sufferings , physical torture at the hands of police . The Recruiters of terrorist & naxal organizations are cashing on this frustration of tribals.

O, JIHADIS, FREEDOM FIGHTERS, TERRORISTS & NAXALITES
INTROSPECT YOURSELF
Kashmiri militants claim they are fighting for kashmiris, when the very same kashmiris were suffering from loses due to earthquake why didn’t the so-called jihadis didn’t make any relief efforts? Why didn’t their foreign master – Pakistan didn’t make any relief efforts? Within the pak occupied Kashmir ( pok) itself, Pakistan didn’t make appropriate
relief efforts. It is government of India & international community who provided proper & timely relief.
The foreign powers are not at all interested in your well being. They are ready to spend millions of dollars for aiding terrorism, but not ready to spend a few hundreds for your education , health care or self employment schemes through NGOs. The fact is they don’t want your well being, they don’t want you to prosper, live peacefully. The ultimate objective of these foreign powers is to take you on the path of self destruction, destruction of your motherland & to finally usurp the power, to subjugate you into slavery in turn looting the resources of your country.
Ofcourse, in India there is rampant corruption. Still democracy is live & kicking in India, it is the best form of governance. You have got real examples of countries in Africa, latin America, wherein the countries have secured independence through separatist / terrorist movements. The terrorist leaders themselves have become prime minister / president of newly independent countries. Now, they are more corrupt & barbaric than their predecessors . even after getting independence, the lives of commonfolk has become bad to worse. By independence , only leaders have benefited. Will you lead another struggle ? this is endless, as the selfishness , greed of leaders knows no bounds.
In the past, government of India aided tamil separatists, Pakistan terrorists, etc, butchering innocents. The government of U.S.A aided terrorists in Africa, afghanisthan, latin America , murdering innocents. Various countries have aided terrorism while preaching peace. These barbaric acts were motivated by selfish, corrupt, ego-centric leaders. Now, in the bomeerang effects of their actions, innocents are dying in bomb blasts, etc.
Violence breds violence. Peace & compassion results in all round harmony, prosperity. Every human being must struggle against injustices in a peaceful & legal manner. The struggle must be against the corrupt system, for that peaceful struggle democracy is the best forum. Don’t be pawns in the hands of foreign powers, politicians. They are not at all interested in your welfare, well being. At the end, it is the leaders who become ministers & amass wealth through corruption. The common folk like you will remain as fiddlings, minions forever.
Just imagine yourselves in the place of victims of delhi serial bomb blasts (29/10/2005) or Mumbai blasts of 26/11/08 . just imagine the plight of little child MOSHE who has lost both his parents , imagine Your mother & wife are crying, your children are dead , your father’s hands & limbs are ripped apart in the blast. How does it feel to be one ? no religion, no god asks it’s followers to cause destruction. All religions, gods are full of eternal love & compassion. Let that god shine his light, upon you all on the violent path.

Whether it is in india or else where , democratic system is best form of governance. The people in those countries suffer due to corrupt public servants . in all such cases , the legal , non violent fight must be against the corrupt people , corrupt police , corrupt judges , CORRUPT public servants but not against the system itself.

Let us build ram rajya of mahatma’s dream through non violent means within the existing democratic framework . Jai Hind. Vande Mataram.

Your’s sincerely,
Nagaraj.M.R.

MATCH FIXING in Indian Judiciary
http://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/match-fixing-in-indian-judiciary

POLICE NOT REGISTERING COMPLAINT
Circle Inspector of Police , Vijayanagar Police Station , Mysore City , Karnataka
http://sites.google.com/site/sosevoiceforjustice/police-not-registering-fir-complaint ,

NICE Corridor Questions to CHIEF MINISTER .Mr.Yediyurappa
Read full questionnaire
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f-minister

Naxalite
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Map showing the districts where the Naxalite movement is active (2007)
Naxalites, Naxals or Naksalvadis (name from the village of Naxalbari in the Indian state of West Bengal where the movement originated), are a group of far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology. Their origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to formation of Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal. In recent years, it has spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India, such as Chhattisgarh,Orissa and Andhra Pradesh through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist).[1] They lead the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. As of 2009, Naxalites are active across approximately 220 districts in twenty states of India[2] accounting for about 40 percent of India’s geographical area,[3] They are especially concentrated in an area known as the “Red corridor”, where they control 92,000 square kilometers.[3] According to India’s intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing, 20,000 armed cadre Naxalites were operating apart from 50,000 regular cadres working in their various mass organizations and millions of sympathisers,[4] and their growing influence prompted Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to declare them as the most serious internal threat to India’s national security.[5] The Naxalites are opposed by virtually all mainstream Indian political groups.[6]. In February 2009, Central government announced its plans for broad, co-ordinated operations in all affected states (Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal), to plug all possible escape routes of Naxalites.[7]
Contents
[hide]
• 1 History
• 2 Violence in Bengal
• 3 Cultural references
• 4 Deaths related to violence
• 5 See also
• 6 Further reading
• 7 External links
o 7.1 Recent activity

[edit] History
The term Naxalites comes from Naxalbari, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal initiated a violent uprising in 1967. On May 18, 1967, the Siliguri Kishan Sabha, of which Jangal was the president, declared their readiness to adopt armed struggle to redistribute land from the landlords[8]. The following week, a sharecropper near Naxalbari village was attacked by the landlord’s men over a land dispute. On May 24, when a police team arrived to arrest the peasant leaders, they were ambushed by a group of tribals led by Jangal Santhal, and an inspector was killed in a hail of arrows. Subsequently, many Santhal tribals and other peasants joined the movement and started attacking local landlords.[6]
The ideological leadership for the Naxalbari movement was provided by Charu Majumdar who was inspired by the doctrines of Mao Zedong, and advocated that Indian peasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government and upper classes through the barrel of the gun. A large number of city elites were also attracted to the ideology, which spread through Majumdar’s writings, particularly the ‘Historic Eight Documents’ which formed the basis of Naxalite ideology.[9] In 1967 ‘Naxalites’ organized the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR), and later broke away from CPM. Violent ‘uprisings’ were organized in several parts of the country. In 1969 AICCCR gave birth to Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI(ML)).
Practically all Naxalite groups trace their origin to the CPI(ML). A separate tendency from the beginning was the Maoist Communist Centre, which evolved out of the Dakshin Desh-group. MCC later fused with People’s War Group to form Communist Party of India (Maoist). A third tendency is that of the Andhra revolutionary communists, which was mainly presented by UCCRI(ML), following the mass line legacy of T. Nagi Reddy. That tendency broke with AICCCR at an early stage.
During the 1970s the movement was fragmented into several disputing factions. By 1980 it was estimated that around 30 Naxalite groups were active, with a combined membership of 30,000.[10] A 2004 home ministry estimate puts numbers at that time as “9,300 hardcore underground cadre… [holding] around 6,500 regular weapons beside a large number of unlicensed country-made arms”.[11] According to Judith Vidal-Hall (2006), “More recent figures put the strength of the movement at 15,000, and claim the guerrillas control an estimated one fifth of India’s forests, as well as being active in 160 of the country’s 604 administrative districts.”[12] India’s Research and Analysis Wing, believed in 2006 that 20,000 Naxals are currently involved in the growing insurgency.[4]
Today some groups have become legal organisations participating in parliamentary elections, such as Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation. Others, such as Communist Party of India (Maoist) and Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Janashakti, are engaged in armed guerrilla struggles.
On 6th April, 2010 Naxalites launched the biggest assault in the history of the Naxalite movement by killing over 75 security personnel. The attacked was launched by up to[13][14] 1000 naxalites in a well-planned attack, killing an estimated 76 CRPF policemen in two separate ambushes and wounding 50 others, in the jungles of Chattisgarh’s Dantewada district.
[edit] Violence in Bengal
The Naxalites gained a strong presence amongst the radical sections of the students movement in Calcutta.[15] A few students left their education to join violent activities of the Naxalites. Taking note of this important development Majumdar adjusted the tactics of CPI(ML), and claimed that the revolutionary warfare was to take place not only in the rural areas but everywhere and spontaneously, to entice more students into his organisation. Thus Majumdar’s ‘annihilation line’, a dictum that Naxalites should assassinate individual “class enemies” as a part of the insurrection was put into practice against landlords, university teachers, police officers, politicians and other common people.[citation needed]
Throughout Calcutta, schools were shut down. Naxalites took over Jadavpur University and used the machine shop facilities to make pipe guns to attack the police. Their headquarters became Presidency College, Kolkata. The Naxalites soon found ardent supporters among some of the educated elite, and Delhi’s prestigious St. Stephen’s College, alma mater of many contemporary Indian leaders and thinkers, became a hotbed of Naxalite activities.
The strategy of individual terrorism soon proved counterproductive. Eventually, the Chief Minister, Siddhartha Shankar Ray, began to institute counter-measures against the Naxalites. The officers and constabulary of the West Bengal police fought back to stop the terror unleashed by the Naxalites. After suffering losses and facing humiliation on the public rejection of Majumdar’s ‘annihilation line’ the Naxalite alleged human rights violations by the West Bengal police.
In a matter of months, the Naxal violence was stopped by the efforts of the police. They argued that the state was effectively fighting a civil war and that democratic pleasantries had no place in a war, especially when the opponent did not fight within the norms of democracy and civility.[6]
Moreover, the violent movement was torn about by internal disputes. Large sections began to question Majumdar’s line of struggle. In 1971 CPI(ML) was split in two, as Satyanarayan Singh revolted against Majumdar’s leadership. In 1972 Majumdar was arrested by the police and subsequently he died in Alipore Jail. After his death the fragmentation of this violent movement accelerated.
Lalgarh, West Bengal had emerged as a region close to coming completely under control of the Naxalites after the group threw out the local police and staged random attacks against ruling communist government in late May 2009. The region became increasingly under assault by Maoist guerrillas. The state government initiated a huge operation with central paramilitary forces and state armed police to retake Lalgarh in early June. Maoist leader Kishenji claimed in an interview that the mass Naxalite movement in Lalgarh in 2009 aimed at creating a ‘liberated zone’ against “oppression of the establishment Left and its police” has given them a major base in West Bengal for the first time since the Naxalite uprising was crushed in the mid-1970s and that “We will have an armed movement going in Calcutta by 2011”.[16]
[edit] Cultural references
Organizations listed as terrorist groups by India

Northeastern India

National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM)
Naga National Council-Federal (NNCF)
National Council of Nagaland-Khaplang
United Liberation Front of Asom
People’s Liberation Army
(Manipur)
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
Zomi Revolutionary Front
Kashmir

Al-Badr
Al-Badr Mujahideen
Al Barq (ABQ)
Al Fateh Force (AFF)
Al Jihad Force (AJF)/Al Jihad
Al Mujahid Force (AMF)
Al Umar Mujahideen (AUR/Al Umar)
Awami Action Committee (AAC)
Dukhtaran-e-Millat (DEM)
Harakat-ul-Ansar
Harakat-ul-Jihad-I-Islami
Harakat-ul-Mujahideen
Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HUM)
Ikhwan-ul-Musalmeen (IUM)
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM)
Lashkar-e-Mohammadi
Jammat-ul-Mujahideen (JUM)
Jammat-ul-Mujahideen Almi (JUMA)
Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party (JKDFP)
Jammu and Kashmir Islamic Front (JKIF)
Jammu and Kashmir Jamaat-e-Islami (JKJEI)
Lashkar-e-Toiba (LET)
Jaish-e-Mohammed
Kul Jammat Hurriyat Conference (KJHC)
Mahaz-e-Azadi (MEA)
Muslim Janbaaz Force (MJF/Jaanbaz Force)
Muslim Mujahideen (MM)
Hizbul Mujahideen
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
Farzandan-e-Milat
United Jihad Council
Al-Qaeda
Students Islamic Movement of India Tehreek-e-Jihad (TEJ)
Pasban-e-Islami (PEI/Hizbul Momineen HMM)
Shora-e-Jihad (SEJ)
Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen (TUM)

North India

Babbar Khalsa
Bhindranwala Tigers Force of Khalistan
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
Dashmesh Regiment
International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)
Kamagata Maru Dal of Khalistan
Khalistan Armed Force
Khalistan Liberation Force
Khalistan Commando Force
Khalistan Liberation Army
Khalistan Liberation Front
Khalistan Liberation Organisation
Khalistan National Army
Khalistan Guerilla Force
Khalistan Security Force
Khalistan Zindabad Force
Shaheed Khalsa Force

Central India

People’s war group
Balbir militias
Naxals
Ranvir Sena
v • d • e

The British musical group Asian Dub Foundation have a song called “Naxalite”, which also featured on the soundtrack to the 1999 film Brokedown Palace. A 2005 movie called Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi, directed by Sudhir Mishra, was set against the backdrop of Naxalite movement. In August 2008, Kabeer Kaushik’s Chamku, starring Bobby Deol and Priyanka Chopra, explored the story of a boy who is brain-washed to take arms against the state.
In the novel The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy, there is a reference to a character joining the Naxalites.
The 1998 film Haazar chaurasi ki Maa (based on the novel, Hazar Churashir Maa[17] by Mahasweta Devi) starring Jaya Bachchan gives a very sympathetic portrayal of a Naxalbari militant killed by the state. The 2009 Malayalam movie Thalappavu portrays the story of Naxal Varghese, who was shot dead by the police during the 70s.
The Kannada movie Veerappa Nayaka directed by S. Narayan portrays Vishnuvardhan, a Gandhian whose son becomes a Naxalite. The 2007 Kannada movie Maathaad Maathaadu Mallige, directed by Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar, again portrays Vishnuvardhan as a Gandhian, who confronts a Naxalite Sudeep and shows him that the ways adopted by Naxals will only lead to violence and will not achieve their objective.
Eka Nakshalwadya Cha Janma, (Marathi: The birth of a Naxal), a novel written by Vilas Balkrishna Manohar, a volunteer with the Lok Biradari Prakalp, is a fictional account of a Madia Gond Juru’s unwilling journey of life his metamorphosis from an exploited nameless tribal to a Naxal.[18]
[edit] Deaths related to violence
Violence has peaked in India from Maoist or Naxalite separatist violence being more dangerous to India’s national security, as declared by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
The Indian Ministry of Home Affairs estimates the following yearly death tolls from the violence:
• 1996: 156 deaths [19]
• 1997: 428 deaths[19]
• 1998: 270 deaths[19]
• 1999: 363 deaths[19]
• 2000: 50 deaths[19]
• 2001: 100+ deaths[19]
• 2002: 140 deaths[19]
• 2003: 451 deaths[19]
• 2004: 500+ deaths[19]
• 2005: 700+ deaths[19]
• 2006: 750 deaths[19]
• 2007: 650 deaths[19]
• 2008: 794 deaths[19]
• 2009: 1,134 deaths[20]
According to the BBC, more than 6,000 people have died during the rebels’ 20-year fight.[21]
[edit] See also
• Chhatradhar Mahato
• Naxal Varghese
• Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
• Compact Revolutionary Zone
• Naxalite-Maoist insurgency
• Salwa Judum
• Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
== References ==
1. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (2005-09-21). “The Naxalite Challenge”. Frontline Magazine (The Hindu). http://www.flonnet.com/fl2221/stories/20051021006700400.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
2. ^ Handoo, Ashook. “Naxal Problem needs a holistic approach”. Press Information Bureau. http://www.pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=50833. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
3. ^ a b “Rising Maoists Insurgency in India”. Global Politician. 2007-01-15. http://globalpolitician.com/22790-india. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
4. ^ a b Philip Bowring Published: TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 2006 (2006-04-18). “Maoists who menace India”. International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/04/17/opinion/edbowring.php. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
5. ^ “South Asia | Senior Maoist ‘arrested’ in India”. BBC News. 2007-12-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7151552.stm. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
6. ^ a b c Diwanji, A. K. (2003-10-02). “Primer: Who are the Naxalites?”. Rediff.com. http://us.rediff.com/news/2003/oct/02spec.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
7. ^ Co-ordinated operations to flush out Naxalites soon The Economic Times, February 6, 2009.
8. ^ {Sunil Kumar Sen} ({1982}). {Peasant movements in India: mid-nineteenth and twentieth centuries}. {K.P. Bagchi}.
9. ^ Hindustan Times: History of Naxalism
10. ^ Singh, Prakash. The Naxalite Movement in India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., 1999. p. 101.
11. ^ Quoted in Judith Vidal-Hall, “Naxalites”, p. 73–75 in Index on Censorship, Volume 35, Number 4 (2006). Quoted on p. 74.
12. ^ Judith Vidal-Hall, “Naxalites”, p. 73–75 in Index on Censorship, Volume 35, Number 4 (2006). p. 74.
13. ^ “Indian police killed by Maoists”. Al Jazeera. APRIL 06, 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/04/2010466515592429.html.
14. ^ “74 security men killed by Naxals in Chhattisgarh”. Ndtv.com. 2010-04-06. http://www.ndtv.com/news/india/20-security-men-killed-by-naxals-in-chhattisgarh-19293.php. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
15. ^ Judith Vidal-Hall, “Naxalites”, p. 73–75 in Index on Censorship, Volume 35, Number 4 (2006). p. 73.
16. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8127869.stm
17. ^ “Mother of 1084” – the number assigned to her son.
18. ^ “Who’s who of Indian Writers, 1999 By K. C. Dutt, Sahitya Akademi”. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=QA1V7sICaIwC&pg=PA723&lpg=PA723&dq=vilas+manohar+writer&source=web&ots=iZo851RPGh&sig=uEHP-KtmRvUV1iO8KLsoKHx9ccU&hl=en&ei=e-ucSeCrOo_akAWtjPiiBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m “Armed Conflicts Report – India-Andhra Pradesh”. Ploughshares.ca. http://www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/ACRText/ACR-IndiaAP.html. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
20. ^ 600 civilians, 317 members of security forces and 217 rebels died in Maoist-related violence.
o 2010: 76 deaths of CRPF men alone in one day.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8507525.stm
21. ^ Bhaumik, Subir. Maoist rebels set precondition for talks. BBC News. 10 February 2010.
[edit] Further reading
• Naxalite Politics in India, by J. C. Johari, Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies, New Delhi, . Published by Research Publications, 1972.
• The Naxalite Movement, by Biplab Dasgupta. Published by , 1974.
• The Naxalite Movement: A Maoist Experiment, by Sankar Ghosh. Published by Firma K.L. Mukhopadhyay, 1975. ISBN 0883865688.
• The Naxalite Movement in India: Origin and Failure of the Maoist Revolutionary Strategy in West Bengal, 1967-1971, by Sohail Jawaid. Published by Associated Pub. House, 1979.
• In the Wake of Naxalbari: A History of the Naxalite Movement in India, by Sumanta Banerjee. Published by Subarnarekha, 1980.
• India’s Simmering Revolution: The Naxalite Uprising, by Sumanta Banerjee. Published by Zed Books, 1984. ISBN 0862320372.
• Tribal Guerrillas: The Santals of West Bengal and the Naxalite Movement, by Edward Duyker. Published by Oxford University Press, 1987.
• The Naxalite Movement in India, by Prakash Singh. Published by Rupa, 1995. ISBN 8171672949.
[edit] External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Naxalite

This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive and inappropriate external links or by converting links into footnote references. (January 2010)

• Articles and Research Reports on Naxalite Violence in India and Pakistan
• Edward Duyker, Tribal Guerrillas: The Santals of West Bengal and the Naxalite Movement
• ‘History of Naxalism’, Hindustan Times
• Maoist Resistance (pro-Naxal Blog – The former blog at Resistance India has been hacked )
• Naxal Terror Watch (anti-Naxalite, alleges that Naxalites are supported by both Pakistan and China)
• India’s Naxalite Rage (neutral blog that provides analysis of the tactics and strategy of the Naxals by Shlok Vaidya)
• India’s Forgotten War (neutral blog analysing Naxalite insurgency)
• Status Paper on the Naxalite problem – South Asia Terrorism Portal
• West Bengal, districts affected by Naxalite violence – South Asia Terrorism Portal
• Economist magazine article
• Guardian article
• Vice article
• Naxal Issues page of Peoples Website of Chhattisgarh
• Red Sun: Travels in Naxalite Country (Hardcover)
• Stop the Battle, Start the War by Samar Halarnkar, Hindustan Times, April 19 2009
[edit] Recent activity
• In a well-prepared and well-executed attack, an estimated 1000 Naxalites ambushed a combined party of over 80 members of the Central Reserve Police Force in the thick forests of Mukrana (in Dantewada district of Chattisgarh), killing 76 CRPF men
• Members of People’s Committee on Police Atrocities, stop Rajdhani Express in Midnapore to secure the release of their leader Chhatradhar Mahato WB: Naxals stop Rajdhani Exp, want key leader freed
• Naxal plan to blast jail foiled, explosives found in Sasaram
• Naxals kill 17 policemen in Gadchiroli
• Naxals Condemned For Massacre of Civilians including 12 year old girl
• Three Naxals get death sentence for Bara massacre
• The massacre of 30 cops in Chhattishgarh
[hide]
v • d • e
Naxalite-Maoist insurgency

Timeline of the conflict • Naxalite • Red corridor • Communist Party of India (Maoist) • Salwa Judum • List of groups

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naxalite”
Categories: Maoism | Far-left politics | Guerrilla organizations | Politics of India | Naxalite-Maoist insurgency | Communist terrorism in India | Land rights movements | Political repressions in India
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Terrorism in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article has multiple issues. Please help improve the article or discuss these issues on the talk page.
• It needs additional references or sources for verification. Tagged since June 2009.
• Its factual accuracy is disputed. Tagged since March 2010.
• It may need copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone or spelling. Tagged since April 2009.
Terrorism in India is primarily attributable some religious communities and Naxalite radical movements.[citation needed]
The regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India (Naxalism) and Seven Sister States (independence and autonomy movements). In the past, the Punjab insurgency led to militant activities in the Indian state of Punjab as well as the national capital Delhi.
As of 2006, at least 232 of the country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements.[1] In August 2008, National Security Advisor M K Narayanan has said that there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the country.[2]
Contents
[hide]
• 1 Chronology of major incidents
• 2 Western India
o 2.1 Maharashtra
• 3 Jammu and Kashmir
• 4 Northern and Northwestern India
o 4.1 Bihar
o 4.2 Punjab
o 4.3 New Delhi
 4.3.1 Delhi security summit
 4.3.2 Attack on Indian parliament
o 4.4 Uttar Pradesh
 4.4.1 Ayodhya crisis
 4.4.2 Varanasi blasts
• 5 Northeastern India
o 5.1 Nagaland
o 5.2 Assam
o 5.3 Tripura
o 5.4 Manipur
o 5.5 Mizoram
• 6 South India
o 6.1 Karnataka
o 6.2 Andhra Pradesh
o 6.3 Tamil Nadu
• 7 Air India Flight 182
• 8 In popular culture
• 9 See also
• 10 References
• 11 Notes
• 12 External links

Chronology of major incidents
[show]
v • d • e
Insurgent attacks in India
(since 2001)

Main article: Chronology of major terrorist incidents in India
Western India
Maharashtra
Mumbai has been the most preferred target for most terrorist organizations, primarily the separatist forces from Pakistan.[citation needed]Over the past few years a series of attacks including explosions in local trains in July 2006, to the most recent and unprecedented attacks of 26 November 2008, where two of the prime hotels, a landmark train station and a Jewish Chabad house, in south Mumbai, were attacked and sieged.[citation needed]
Terrorist attacks in Mumbai include:
• 12 March 1993 – Series of 13 bombs go off killing 257
• 6 December 2002 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 2
• 27 January 2003 – Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle killing 1
• 14 March 2003 – Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund killing 10
• 28 July 2003 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 4
• 25 August 2003 – Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar killing 50
• 11 July 2006 – Series of seven bombs go off in trains killing 209
• 26 November 2008 to 29 November 2008 – Coordinated series of attacks killing at least 172.
On 13 February 2010, a bomb explosion at the German Bakery in Pune killed fourteen people, and injured at least 60 more.
Jammu and Kashmir
Main article: Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
Armed insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir killed tens of thousands till date[citation needed].
Northern and Northwestern India
Bihar
Existence of certain insurgent groups like the CPI-ML, Peoples war and MCC, is a major concern as they frequently attack local policemen and politicians.
Poor governance and the law and order system in Bihar have helped increase the menace caused by the militias.
The State has witnessed many massacres by these groups.
The main victims of the violence by these groups are helpless people (including women, old and children) who are killed in massacres. The state police is ill equipped to take on the AK-47, AK-56 of the militants with their vintage 303 rifles. The militants have used landmines to kill ambush police parties as well.
The root cause of the militant activities in the state is huge disparity among different caste groups. After Independence, land reforms were supposed to be implemented, thereby giving the low caste and the poor a share in the lands which was till then held mostly by high caste people.
However, due to caste based divisive politics in the state land reforms were never implemented properly. This led to growing sense of alienation among the low caste.
Communist groups like CPI-ML, MCC and People’s War took advantage of this and instigated the low caste people to take up arms against establishment which was seen as a tool in the hands of rich. They started taking up lands of rich by force killing the high caste people.
The high caste people resorted to use of force by forming their own army Ranvir Sena to take on the naxalites. The State witnessed a bloody period in which the groups tried to prove their supremacy by mass killings. The Police remained a mute witness to these killings as it lacked the means to take any action.
However now the Ranvir Sena has significantly weakened with the arrest of its top brass. The other groups are still active.
There have been arrests in various parts of the country, particularly those made by the Delhi and Mumbai police in the recent past, indicating that extremist/terrorist outfits have been spreading their networks in this State. There is a strong suspicion that Bihar is also being used as a transit point by the small-arms, fake currency and drug dealers entering from Nepal and terrorists reportedly infiltrating through Nepal and Bangladesh.
However, in recent years these attacks by various caste groups have come down with better government being practised.
Punjab
During 1970s, the Indian Green Revolution brought increased economic prosperity for the Sikh community in Punjab. This propensity kindled an age old fear in the Sikh community – that of being absorbed into the Hindu fold – and led to the rise of Sikh militants.
The insurgency intensified during 1980s when the movement turned violent and the name Khalistan resurfaced and sought independence from the Indian Union. Led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale who , though not in favor in the creation of Khalistan but also was not against it, began using militancy to stress the movement’s demands. Soon things turned bloody with India alleging that neighboring Pakistan supported these militants, who, by 1983-84, had begun to enjoy widespread support among Sikhs.
In 1984, Operation Blue Star was conducted by the Indian government to stem out the movement. It involved an assault on the Golden Temple complex, which Sant Bhindranwale had fortifed in preparation of an army assault. Indira Gandhi, India’s then prime minister, ordered the military to storm the temple, who eventually had to use tanks.
After a seventy-four-hour firefight, the army successfully took control of the temple. In doing so, it damaged some portions of the Akal Takht, the Sikh Reference Library and some damaged to the Golden Temple itself. According to Indian government sources, eighty-three army personnel were killed and 249 injured. Militant casualties were 493 killed and eighty-six injured.
During same year, the assassination of Indira Gandhi by two Sikh bodyguards, believed to be driven by the Golden Temple affair, resulted in widespread anti-Sikh riots, especially in New Delhi. Following Operation Black Thunder in 1988, Punjab Police, first under Julio Ribeiro and then under KPS Gill, together with the Indian Army eventually succeeded in pushing the movement underground.
In 1985, Sikh terrorists bombed an Air India flight from Canada to India, killing all 329 people on board Air India Flight 182. It is the worst terrorist act in Canada’s history.
The ending of Sikh militancy and the desire for a Khalistan catalyzed when the then-Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto handed all intelligence material concerning Punjab militancy to the Indian government, as a goodwill gesture. The Indian government used that intelligence to put an end to those who were behind attacks in India and militancy.
The ending of overt Sikh militancy in 1993 led to a period of relative calm, punctuated by militant acts (i.e. the assassination of Punjab CM, Beant Singh in 1995) attributed to half a dozen or so operating Sikh militant organisations. These organisations include Babbar Khalsa International, Khalistan Commando Force, Khalistan Liberation Force and Khalistan Zindabad Force.
Support for Khalistan is still widespread among Sikh communities in Canada and the United Kingdom.
New Delhi
Main article: 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings
Three explosions went off in the Indian capital of New Delhi on 29 October 2005 which killed more than 60 people and injured at least 200 others. The high number of casualties made the bombings the deadliest attack in India of 2005.It was followed by 5 bomb blasts on 13 September 2008.
Delhi security summit
Main article: 2007 Delhi security summit
The Delhi summit on security took place on 14 February 2007 with the foreign ministers of China, India, and Russia meeting in Hyderabad House, Delhi, India to discuss terrorism, drug trafficking, reform of the United Nations, and the security situations in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, and North Korea.[3][4]
Attack on Indian parliament
Terrorists on 13 December 2001 attacked the Parliament of India resulting in a 45-minute gun battle in which 9 policemen and parliament staffer were killed. All the five terrorists were also killed by the security forces and were identified as Pakistani nationals. The attack took place around 11:40 am (IST), minutes after both Houses of Parliament had adjourned for the day.
The suspected terrorists dressed in commando fatigues entered Parliament in a car through the VIP gate of the building. Displaying Parliament and Home Ministry security stickers, the vehicle entered the Parliament premises.
The terrorists set off massive blasts and used AK-47 rifles, explosives and grenades for the attack. Senior Ministers and over 200 Members of Parliament were inside the Central Hall of Parliament when the attack took place. Security personnel sealed the entire premises which saved many lives.
Uttar Pradesh
Ayodhya crisis
Main article: 2005 Ram Janmabhoomi attack in Ayodhya
The long simmering Ayodhya crisis finally culminated in a terrorist attack on the site of the 16th century Babri Masjid -Demolished Ancient Masjid in Ayodhya on 5 July 2005. Following the two-hour gunfight between Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists based in Pakistan and Indian police, in which six terrorists were killed, opposition parties called for a nationwide strike with the country’s leaders condemning the attack, believed to have been masterminded by Dawood Ibrahim.
Varanasi blasts
Main article: 2006 Varanasi bombings
A series of blasts occurred across the Hindu holy city of Varanasi on 7 March 2006. Fifteen people are reported to have been killed and as many as 101 others were injured. No-one has accepted responsibility for the attacks, but it is speculated that the bombings were carried out in retaliation of the arrest of a Lashkar-e-Toiba agent in Varanasi earlier in February 2006.
On 5 April 2006 the Indian police arrested six Islamic militants, including a cleric who helped plan bomb blasts. The cleric is believed to be a commander of a banned Bangladeshi Islamic militant group, Harkatul Jihad-al Islami and is linked to the Inter-Services Intelligence, the Pakistani spy agency.[5]
Northeastern India
Main article: Insurgency in North-East India
Northeastern India consists 7 states (also known as the seven sisters): Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland. Tensions exists between these states and the central government as well as amongst the tribal people, who are natives of these states, and migrant peoples from other parts of India.
The states have accused New Delhi of ignoring the issues concerning them. It is this feeling which has led the natives of these states to seek greater participation in self-governance. There are existing territorial disputes between Manipur and Nagaland.
There is a rise of insurgent activities and regional movements in the northeast, especially in the states of Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tripura. Most of these organizations demand independent state status or increased regional autonomy and sovereignty.
North Eastern region tension have eased off-late with Indian and state government’s concerted effort to raise the living standards of the people in these regions. However, militancy still exists in this region of India supported by external sources.
Nagaland
The first and perhaps the most significant insurgency was in Nagaland from the early 1950s until it was finally quelled in the early 1980s through a mixture of repression and co-optation. The National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), demands an independent Nagaland and has carried out several attacks on Indian military installations in the region. According to government officials, 599 civilians, 235 security forces and 862 terrorists have lost their lives between 1992 and 2000.
On 14 June 2001, a cease-fire agreement was signed between the Government of India and the NSCN-IM which had received widespread approval and support in Nagaland. Terrorist outfits such as the Naga National Council-Federal (NNC-F) and the National Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) also welcomed the development.
Certain neighbouring states, especially Manipur, raised serious concerns over the cease-fire. They feared that NSCN would continue insurgent activities in its state and demanded New Delhi scrap the ceasefire deal and renew military action. Despite the cease-fire the NSCN has continued its insurgency[citation needed].
Assam
After Nagaland, Assam is the most volatile state in the region. Beginning 1979, the indigenous people of Assam demanded that the illegal immigrants who had emigrated from Bangladesh to Assam be detected and deported. The movement lead by All Assam Students Union began non-violently with satyagraha, boycotts, picketing and courting arrests.
Those protesting frequently came under police action. In 1983 an election was conducted which was opposed by the movement leaders. The election lead to widespread violence. The movement finally ended after the movement leaders signed an agreement (called Assam Accord) with the central government in 15 August 1985.
Under the provisions of this accord, anyone who entered the state illegally between January 1966 and March 1971 were allowed to remain but were disenfranchised for ten years, while those who entered after 1971 faced expulsion. A November 1985 amendment to the Indian citizenship law allows non citizens who entered Assam between 1961 and 1971 to have all the rights of citizenship except the right to vote for a period of ten years.
New Delhi also gave special administration autonomy to the Bodos in the state. However, the Bodos demanded for a separate Bodoland which led to a clash between the Bengalis, the Bodos and the Indian military resulting in hundreds of deaths.
There are several organizations which advocate the independence of Assam. The most prominent of which is the ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam). Formed in 1971, the ULFA has two main goals, the independence of Assam and the establishment of a socialist government.
The ULFA has carried out several terrorist attacks in the region targeting the Indian Military and non-combatants. The group assassinates political opponents, attacks police and other security forces, blasts railroad tracks, and attacks other infrastructure facilities. The ULFA is believed to have strong links with Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), Maoists and the Naxalites.
It is also believed that they carry out most of their operations from the Kingdom of Bhutan. Because of ULFA’s increased visibility, the Indian government outlawed the group in 1986 and declared Assam a troubled area. Under pressure from New Delhi, Bhutan carried a massive operation to drive out the ULFA militants from its territory.
Backed by the Indian Army, Thimphu was successful in killing more than a thousand terrorists and extraditing many more to India while sustaining only 120 casualties. The Indian military undertook several successful operations aimed at countering future ULFA terrorist attacks, but the ULFA continues to be active in the region. In 2004, the ULFA targeted a public school in Assam killing 19 children and 5 adults.
Assam remains the only state in the northeast where terrorism is still a major issue. The Indian Military was successful in dismantling terrorist outfits in other areas, but have been criticized by human rights groups for allegedly using harsh methods when dealing with terrorists.
On 18 September 2005, a soldier was killed in Jiribam, Manipur, near the Manipur-Assam border by members of the ULFA.
Tripura
Tripura witnessed a surge in terrorist activities in the 1990s. New Delhi blamed Bangladesh for providing a safe haven to the insurgents operating from its territory. The area under control of the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council was increased after a tripartite agreement between New Delhi, the state government of Tripura, and the Council. The government has since been brought the movement under control though certain rebellious factions still linger.
Manipur
In Manipur, militants formed an organization known as the People’s Liberation Army. Their main goal was to unite the Meitei tribes of Burma and establish an independent state of Manipur. However, the movement was thought to have been suppressed after a fierce clash with Indian security forces in the mid 1990s.
On 18 September 2005, six separatist rebels were killed in fighting between Zomi Revolutionary Army and Zomi Revolutionary Front in the Churachandpur District.
On 20 September 2005, 14 Indian soldiers were ambushed and killed by 20 rebels from the Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL) terrorist organization, armed with AK-56 rifles, in the village of Nariang, 22 miles southwest of Manipur’s capital Imphal. “Unidentified rebels using automatic weapons ambushed a road patrol of the army’s Gorkha Rifles killing eight on the spot,” said a spokesman for the Indian government.
Mizoram
The Mizo National Front fought for over 2 decades with the Indian Military in an effort to gain independence. As in neighbouring states the insurgency was quelled by force.
South India
Karnataka
Karnataka is considerably less affected by terrorism in spite of having many places of historical importance and the IT hub of India, Bengaluru. However, recently Naxal activity has been increasing in the Western Ghats. Also, a few attacks have occurred, major ones including an attack on IISc on 28 December 2005 and serial blasts in Bengaluru on 26 July 2008.
Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is one of the few southern states affected by terrorism, although of a far different kind and on a much smaller scale.[citation needed] The terrorism in Andhra Pradesh stems from the People’s War Group or PWG, popularly known as Naxalites.
The ‘PWG, has been operating in India for over two decades with most of its operations in the Telangana[citation needed] region in Andhra Pradesh. The group is also active in Orissa and Bihar. Unlike the Kashmiri insurgents and ULFA, PWG is a Maoist terrorist organisation and communism is one of its primary goals.[citation needed]
Having failed to capture popular support in the elections, they resorted to violence as a means to voice their opinions. The group targets Indian Police, multinational companies and other influential institutions in the name of the communism. PWG has also targeted senior government officials, including the attempted assassination of former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu.
It reportedly has a strength of 800 to 1,000 well armed militiants and is believed to have close links with the Maoists in Nepal and the LTTE of Sri Lanka. According to the Indian government, on an average, more than 60 civilians, 60 naxal rebels and a dozen policemen are killed every year because of PWG led insurgency. Also one of the major terrorist attack is 25 August 2007 Hyderabad Bombing.
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu had LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam militants operating in state Tamil Nadu up until the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. LTTE had given many speeches in state Tamil Nadu led by Velupillai Prabhakaran, Tamilselvan and other Eelam members. Tamil Tigers, now a banned organisation, have been receiving many donations and support from India in the past. The Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, a militant Tamil movement in India that have ties to LTTE.[citation needed]
Tamil Nadu also faced terrorist attacks orchestrated by Muslim funadamentalists. For more information refer, 1998 Coimbatore bombings.
Air India Flight 182
Main article: Air India Flight 182
Air India Flight 182 was an Air India flight operating on the Montreal-London-Delhi-Bombay route. On 23 June 1985 the Boeing 747-237B operating on the route was bombed over Irish airspace, killing all onboard. Until 11 September 2001, the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It remains to this day the largest mass murder in Canadian history. This act was taken responsibility by Babbar Khalsa known as being a hardcore terrorist group which was and still is banned in Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and India in 1985.
The incident occurred within an hour of the Narita Airport Bombing. The plane, a Boeing 747-237B (c/n 21473/330, reg VT-EFO) named Emperor Kanishka exploded at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9500 m), crashing into the Atlantic Ocean killing all 329 people on board, of whom 280 were Canadian citizens and 22 were Indian nationals
In popular culture
Terrorism has also been depicted in various Indian films, prominent among them being Mani Ratnam’s Roja (1992) and Dil Se (1998), Govind Nihlani’s Drohkaal (1994), Santosh Sivan’s The Terrorist (1999), Anurag Kashyap’s Black Friday (2004) on 1993 Bombay bombings, Fanaa (2006) and recently Sikandar (2009) on Terrorism in Kashmir.
See also
• List of terrorist organisations in India
• Operation Blue Star
• List of films about terrorism in India
• Terrorism in Kashmir
• Sikh Extremism
• Naxalites
• Lashkar-e-Tayyaba
• Bombay Blasts
• Islamic terrorism
• Communalism (South Asia)
• Pakistani state terrorism
• Bajrang Dal
References
1. ^ India Assessment – 2007
2. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/india/800-terror-cells-active-in-country/articleshow/3356589.cms
3. ^ ‘Big three’ hold key Delhi talks BBC News
4. ^ Foreign Ministers of India, China, Russia meet to take forward strategic ties New Kerala
5. ^ “Indian Police Arrest Islamic Cleric for Blasts”. Reuters. 05/04/2006. http://aawsat.com/english/news.asp?section=1&id=4412. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
Notes
• ^ “Sleeping over security”. (26 August – 8 Sep) Business and Economy, p 38
External links
• Islam, Women, and the Violence in Kashmir between India and Pakistan
• Scholars respond to the attacks in Mumbai
• Inside a jihadi training camp in Azad Kashmir, Radio France Internatioinale in English
• Dossier on the Mumbai attacks by Radio France Internationale’s English-language service
[show]
v • d • e
Terrorism in Asia

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Categories: Terrorism in India | Political repression
Hidden categories: Articles lacking reliable references from June 2009 | Accuracy disputes from March 2010 | Wikipedia articles needing copy edit from April 2009 | All articles needing copy edit | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010 | Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010 | Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010 | Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007
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